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The code of Quantum Physics will some day help us to explain beyond our comprehension of matter, energy, space and time. Astrophysics helps us to understand both the very small and the very large.

E=MC2 is Einstein's basic theory of the relationship between energy and matter. As matter and energy organize into different structures, other formulas apply not all of which are well understood.

The concept of time is addressed in Einstein's theory of relativity. To use one of Dr. Einstein's quotes, "When a man sits with a pretty girl for an hour, it seems like a minute. But let him sit on a hot stove for a minute-and it's longer than any hour. That's relativity."


There have been recent discoveries in the shape of the universe and patterns of galaxy clusters. It is unknown if distant galaxies have any impact on every day life. The Big Bang theory of the creation of the universe is studied more thoroughly with new technology such as the Hubble telescope.


Large meteors from space may have rare but profound impact. On a daily basis, viewing the stars is awe-inspiring. It helps us put our every day problems into perspective and is a source of much mythology. Many cultures, such as the Greeks and Chinese conceptualized a father in the heavens and a mother earth whose offspring came to earth.


Fluctuations in the quality and quantity of light as a result of the sun and the moon clearly effect our mood. In general, light causes less sleep and an elevation of mood while darkness causes increased sleep and lowers mood. This pattern is well recognized in seasonal affective disorder in which short days and long nights cause a hibernation-like state with over sleeping, increased appetite (particularly for carbohydrates) and a dysphoric mood. In contrast, long days cause mania in some patients.

Lunacy is a term taken from the Bible. If the concept has lasted this long, there must be some valid basis for this association. Some of my patients report insomnia when the moon is full. Insomnia can be manic-inducing, thereby causing mania in a few susceptible individuals. In primitive cultures without artificial lighting, women are noted to have a tendency to ovulate when the moon is full. If all women were to ovulate when the moon is full, could this create a social situation that some may describe as "lunacy"? Perhaps there is merit in the old wives expression that anyone who shows her breasts to the full moon will become pregnant; made possible through the combination of ovulation and increased mania?

Light quality also fluctuates as the earth revolves around the sun. With the sun at a lower angle on the horizon, there is more refraction; the lower end of the spectrum (red) is more prominent. This reddened quality to light in the fall/winter may have some implication on a variety of medical conditions including depression and migraine. Sun spot cycles may cause fluctuations in our physical environment and weather cycles.

Astrology is an ancient belief system, which holds that the position of celestial bodies effect human functioning and personality development.


The physical structure of the earth clearly impacts our functioning. This structure includes geological, geographical, atmospheric, oceanographic, climatic and weather systems.

Recent attention has been directed towards the integrity of the ozone layer, which helps to stabilize our environment. Weather may effect our mood through seasonal changes, humidity, temperature and fluctuations in barometric pressure. Weather systems with extended periods of cloud cover may contribute to depression. In contrast, bright sun and snow cover may have a relative mood-lifting effect.