Adapted from R.M. Nesse, G.C. Williams, Why We Get Sick; The New Science in Darwinian Medicine, Times Books, Random House 1995


Hippocratic Corpus, Heroes of Medicine, Time Magazine, Fall 1997

Subatomic Particle

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, Radiation Exposure of the U.S., Population for Consumer Products and Miscellaneous sources, Report no. 95, Bethesda, Md. 1987

Subatomic Particle-Treatment

Sherman C, Electrons, Photons Targeted as Antidepressants, Clinical Psychiatric News, August 1996 p.1


Staff; describing work of Wade Rogehr, Calcium and Short-Term Memory, The Harvard Mahoney Neuroscience Institute Letter, Winter 1995, p.8


Stahl S, Essential Psychopharmacology, Cambridge University Press, 1996

Genetic Code

Collins FS, Sequencing the Human Genome, Hosp Prac. (off. Ed.) 1997, 32:35-54

Rosenberg RN, Molecular Neurogenetics, JAMA vol. 278 no. 15, October 15, 1997

Nerve Cell

Ratey JR, Johnson C, Brainwaves, Mental Fitness, Autumn 1997


Hilts PJ, Listening to the Conversations of Neurons, New York Times, PC-1, May 27, 1997

Neural Network-Imagery

 Meyer RM, APA 1997 Annual Meeting described in Schizophrenics Do Hear Voices Says British Researcher, Psychiatric News, August 1, 1997, p.9


 Chrousos GP, Gold PW, The Concept of Stress and Stress System Disorders: Overview of Physical and Behavioral Homeostasis, JAMA vol. 267, no. 9, March 4, 1992

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Cohen LJ, Stein D, Galynher I, Hollander E, Towards an Integration of Psychological and Biological Models of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder; Phylogenetic Considerations, CNS Spectrums, vol. 2, no. 10, Nov/Dec 1997, p. 26-44


Gold PW, Ballenger JC, Robertson GL,, Vasopressin in Affective Illness: Direct Measurement, Clinical Trials, and Response to Hypertonic saline. In Post RM, Ballenger JC, Neurobiology of Mood Disorders, Baltimore, Md. Williams & Williams; 1984, 323-329

DeWied, The Importance of Vasopressin in Memory, Trends Neurosci, 1987; 7:62-63

The most concise, current review of PTSD is by B. van der Kolk, The Psychobiology of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, J Clin Psychiatry, 1997; 58 (suppl. 9) p. 16-24

Psychopathology and Social Issues

         Evans R, Konrad Lorenz; The Man and His Ideas, Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich, 1975